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High Performance News #25 – January 2017
By Malcolm Ingham - Wed 1 Feb 2017 8:49pm

The end of January already and a new season of orienteering beckons with the upcoming Waikaia Orienteering Weekend marking the start of the 2017 SuperSeries, and to be followed by the High Performance Camp. Already, however, Wellington has run a very successful regional camp reported below, and preparations are on-going for a whole list of major events that are now well and truly appearing over the horizon – Oceania, the ANZ Schools Test Match. WMOC2017, as well of course as trials for a whole variety of New Zealand teams.

Malcolm Ingham


Wellington Regional Training Camp

The Wellington Regional Training Camp took place over Wellington Anniversary Weekend and was attended by about 50 orienteers. These ranged from top junior and senior elites to promising younger juniors, and, with an eye on WMOC2017, a number of the top asters orienteers including Carsten Jorgensen and Bill Edwards. With many of the areas sprint maps unavailable for one reason or another, proceedings started on Saturday afternoon on Mt Lees, some 20 km to the west of Feilding. Mt Lees is not your normal sprint map, but has been extended on to farmland to the east of the old map, and does give the opportunity for practising rapid route choice (shown above) i.e. working in pairs and having 5 seconds to make a route choice before racing each other to the control. At the top level this tests the ability to make fast, accurate route choices with the racing aspect ensuring that there is an element of physical pressure in the exercise. This exercise was followed by a similar version with much shorter legs, before participants were given the option of running one of two courses set by Graham Teahan for the Australian training camp held in the Horowhenua/Manawatu in December. The day finished with a relay race through a 20 m x 20 m maze.
Sunday saw the camp move to Scotts Ferry wherethere were a
variety of exercises over the course of a windy and sometimes
wet day. These include simplification and relocation, and one exercise intended to make people navigate under extreme physical pressure. Athletes were asked to do a series of hard running interval before, after each one, immediately going into a short orienteering course. As the map shows the longer intervals (blue dashed lines) ranged from about 800-1500 m, with the shorter option (purple dashed lines) between 300 and 500 m. This was partly intended to also be an example of the level of physical training that is necessary if one wants to compete seriously at the top level (i.e. JWOC/WOC) and significantly improve strength and overall speed. Nick Hann commented on this kind of exercise being excellent training for long distance as it made him feel as if he was in the middle of a hard long race rather than a training exercise.

The final day of the camp was on the old favourite of Osgiliath and started with a windows exercise which demanded accurate direction and estimation of distance as well as testing ability to recognise terrain features. Short O-intervals in the macrocarpas and a mass start relay exercise with splits provided were also included..

Many thanks are due to Paul Teesdale-Spittle who not only was the chief organizer but again produced a wonderful variety of testing training exercises for the younger juniors. Unfortunately, the down side for Paul was having his car stolen from the middle of Feilding Motor Camp over Saturday night.

Trials Weekend – Entry Information

Trials for the World Games, JWOC and the New Zealand Secondary School Team for the ANZ Schools Test Match will take place on Saturday and Sunday 25/26 March. These will also double as Round 2 of the 2017 SuperSeries at both M/W21E and M/W20 level.

Sprint – Saturday 25 March

Map: Whitireia Polytechnic, Porirua: Complex urban campus with many buildings, narrow passages, and multiple levels. Previous use: Waitangi Sprints February 2016

Scale: 1:3000, Contour interval: 2.5 m

Fieldwork: Bryan Teahan (2016); Planner: Lizzie Ingham; Start times: from 11:00

Middle – Saturday 25 March

Map: Colonial Parklands, Porirua: Mixture of pine, eucalypt and native vegetation on steep slopes, with an intricate track network. Previous use: none – new area

Scale: 1:7500, Contour interval: 5 m

Fieldwork; Bryan Teahan (2017); Planner: Bryan Teahan; Start times: from 14:00

The sprint and middle distance areas are 10 minutes drive apart.

Long – Sunday 26 March

Map: Hydrabad Refloated, Waitarere Beach: Largely complex sand dune forest of variable runnability, some open areas.Previous use: small parts at QB2013, otherwise a remap of an old area not used for over 15 years.

Scale: 1:10000, Contour interval: 5 m

Fieldwork: Michael Wood (1993), Malcolm Ingham (2017); Planner: Malcolm Ingham; Start times: from 10:30


Although triallists should already have notified the relevant convenor of selectors, they do need to formally enter the events. This is also true for athletes entering the SuperSeries races. Entry information will published on the ONZ website shortly.

Specialisation in Orienteering

There is an interesting article on this topic in the latest IOF Newsletter (http://newsletter.paloma.se/webversion/default.aspx?cid=11828&mid=395380) in which Danish coach Lars Lindstrom, Belgian Sprint specialist Yannick Michiels, and Russian WOC Long distance champion from 2014, Svetlana Mironova give their views on how concentrating on specific disciplines has benefitted them both individually and from a team perspective. There is a clear view that, at least at WOC, the choice of, initially, a few athletes to concentrate on only one or two distances was perceived to give them an advantage that has now forced others to follow. As Lars puts it “the old days when you could run all races successfully has come to an end, and the development towards athletes specialising is inevitable”. This, of course, is not true at JWOC where generally everyone does race all three distances, and it remains to be seen if specialisation will decrease somewhat when WOC splits into alternate forest and sprint WOCs from 2019.

Unfortunately New Zealand athletes often do not have the luxury of such choice – the cost and expense in time of attending WOC means that the relatively small number of athletes available prevents selecting the large teams that other nations have which allow athletes to concentrate on a reduced number of races. In Estonia in 2017 the 3 sprint races (individual qualification, individual final and relay) will again be on consecutive days, followed by a rest day before the long distance and another rest day before the middle and relay on consecutive days. Even for the fittest such a programme makes it hard to envisage competing in all 3 individual distances and the two relays, and raises the question as to whether NZL should make an informed national decision regarding which races it concentrates on. For example, is having the strongest sprint or male or female relay team we can put out important, or should we be concentrating on individual disciplines where a few athletes may produce significant results? Not an easy question to answer.

Future WOC’s

For those planning their potential future involvement at WOC, the recent IOF Foot-O Commission minutes confirmed Denmark as the host for the first sprint WOC in 2020, although this still needs IOF Council approval.

Perhaps more interestingly is that there are 2 applications for Forest WOC in 2021, one from Czech Republic and one from Brazil!

Athletes’ Commission

The 2016 edition of the IOF’s Orienteering World was recently published on-line (http://orienteering.org/resources/publications/orienteering-world/). Apart from a review of 2016, one of the features was an article by Henrik Rindom Knudsen (copied below minus the photo) on the IOF Athlete’s Commission and running with the title: “Lizzie Ingham: The voice of the athletes”. (Note, Lizzie reports being unhappy with the title and thinks it should have been “Athletes’ Commision: The voice of the athletes”.)

Orienteering is in constant development. One of the more important voices when new decisions are made is that of the athletes. In 2013, Lizzie Ingham from New Zealand was a part of the revival of the FootO Athletes’ Commission (AC). A general focus since has been to look into event quality:

“We have had some good initiatives, such as a checklist for organisers, which lists what athletes are looking for in a high quality event, and we have been involved in a lot of discussions regarding what shape WOC takes in the future”, Lizzie Ingham says.

Each of the four orienteering disciplines has an Athletes’ Commission consisting of 5-7 elite athletes, advising the IOF Council on matters concerning athletes. The ACs are founded to represent the athletes, and Lizzie Ingham thinks they are good channels for ideas or issues athletes want taken up within the IOF:

“A good example from this year, that shows we can help change, was a proposal from Jan Kocbach to the IOF for the GPS watch rules for WREs to be updated. He got in touch with us as a commission before pitching his idea to the IOF. We discussed the matter together, and wrote a letter of support to go with his proposal, which was successful”, Lizzie Ingham says.

Initiative for survey

The six-person FootO AC feel that they have a good grip on athletes’ opinions and priorities on most topics that come through. In 2016, one of the big topics in the AC was a discussion about the estimated winning time for the women’s Long distance. It was a bit unclear what the female athletes actually wanted, so by initiative of the AC, a survey was conducted among female athletes:

“We noticed that although there were some strong opinions and chatter online, we were not actually hearing much from the female athletes about the topic. We felt pretty uncomfortable giving a response for all female athletes on such an important topic, so we set up a survey to get a broader representative view”, Lizzie Ingham says.

452 athletes from 46 countries responded to the survey, and afterwards the data was summarised as clearly and objectively as possible to make it unbiased. The result did not give a clear consensus, but based on the opinion of the majority, the AC recommendation was to increase the winning time for the women’s Long distance from 70-80 minutes to 80-85 minutes.

 Normally the FootO Commission would propose rule changes, in this case about the winning times, to the IOF Council for decision. However, as there was a proposal to equalise the winning times for the men’s and women’s Long distances submitted by the Swedish Orienteering Federation to the General Assembly, it became a decision for all Member Federations. The General Assembly voted down the proposal with a clear majority, and so in the end there was no change to the Long distance winning times.

 Diversity in the discussions

The FootO AC will experience a big change in its membership at the beginning of 2017 with only Ida Bobach and Lizzie Ingham remaining. Four will leave and four new members, Emily Kemp, Florian Howald, Gustav Bergman and Jan Petrzela, will join. Lizzie Ingham explains that diversity is very important for the AC:

 “It is important that we try to represent the opinions of as broad a range of athletes as possible, in countries, ages, gender, distance specialities etc. It is good to have a mix of athletes on the commission, and to have a new face or two rotate through the commission each year”, Lizzie Ingham says.

 With future changes in major events, Lizzie Ingham anticipates the reshaped FootO AC will have plenty to do for the next year:

 “The changing format of WOC and World Cups will be discussed a lot, for sure. As will the balance of media, sponsorship, event quality and all of the factors that make for successful high profile events. Hopefully we will see some more ideas coming in from the athlete community too!”

HP Camp 7-11 February

Final arrangements for the HP camp are as follows.

Accommodation from 6-8 February will be in group accommodation at Alexandra Motor Camp, and for 9 and 10 February at Matterhorn South Lodge, Wanaka in a mixture of dormitory and other accommodation. Accommodation over Waitangi Weekend (nights of 4 and 5 February) is up to individuals.

For transport we have a van (8 people) and a car (5 people) booked. These will both be picked up at Queenstown airport at about midday on Saturday 4 February and will be available for transport over Waitangi Weekend. Anyone wanting transport for the weekend needs to be at the airport for midday. The van will be returning to Queenstown airport at about 2pm on Saturday 11 February, the car will be travelling on to Christchurch on that day.

Food will be organized for the week when we get to Alexandra on 6 February.

Training will concentrate on both the physical and technical and include individual, pairs, mass start and relay training. The rough guide is as follows – 7 February: Earnsleugh (3 exercises planned, total distance ~ 13k); 8 February: Naseby (3 exercises, ~13 k); 9 February: Alexandra/Wanaka (4 exercises, ~9 k); 10 February: Wanaka (3 exercises, ~11 k).

Dunedin Orienteering Club are thanked for allowing us to use Earnscleugh and Naseby, Joe Sherriff for two new maps in Alexandra, and Fraser Mills for the Wanaka maps. A report will be forthcoming in the next HP news.

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