Athlete Development Pathways in Orienteering – Nick Smith
By Nick Smith - Tue 26 May 2015 8:15pm
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A look at what some other countries are doing in the area of Athlete Development

How do we produce the next Matt Ogden, Lizzie Ingham or Tim Robertson? How do we capture the huge amounts of raw talent we have at a schools level and carry this success through to JWOC and then onto WOC?

These are the sorts of questions that we need to be asking ourselves over the next few months, particularly with the formation of the new Junior Committee and the continuing development at a High Performance level.

Two organisations I think we could learn a lot from, in terms of what they’ve done to address these questions, are Canada and Australia, both countries that are comparable to Orienteering New Zealand with regard to how they’ve worked with limited resources.

Over the last few years both Australia and Canada have put a lot of effort into developing plans and pathways that will (hopefully!) result in better performances on the world stage for their athletes. Both were supported by their National Sporting Bodies, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) and Sport Canada, which produced a template document to be adapted for use by all sports. Although orienteering has quite differing requirements from say, rugby or athletics, in both cases the template produced is broad enough to be usefully co-opted.


In Australia the Athlete Development Pathway forms the basis of their impressive new High Performance Plan, the link to which is at the bottom of this post.  The pathway is based around the Foundation, Talent, Elite, Mastery (FTEM) process that was developed by the AIS.

At the beginning Foundation Levels are based around learning fundamental movement skills at an F1 level through to regularly competing at club events and attending coaching sessions at an F3 level.

It is easiest to imagine this applying to a Junior orienteer progressing through the ranks, however the pathway is also designed to be equally applicable to an adult who has just begun orienteering, and Australia has done well at recognising this with, for example, their Senior Development Squad.

Talent is where the High Performance aspect first makes an appearance and athletes within this section are defined as having the potential to be elite. T1 is where an athlete has demonstrated potential against national benchmarks, and is then identified as a Targeted Talented Athlete. The athlete then progresses through talent verification, practising and achieving through to breakthrough and reward, just below the elite level i.e.: selection for Aust-NZ test match or medal at a National Orienteering League race (their SuperSeries)

Elite levels are defined as senior national representation/success (WOC/World Cup etc) with Mastery being “sustained success at an elite level.”



Over the past few years Orienteering Australia has received a large amount of yearly funding from the AIS, at least in comparison to the minimal to nought amount Orienteering NZ gets, yet their results at an elite level have not been that much greater than what New Zealand has attained. However the funding model is now changing to and “allocated funding received as High Performance Funding has been changed to Whole of Sport Funding with a balanced emphasis on whole of sport pathway and system development, not a sole focus on individuals or current senior representatives.” (Note: This change is occurring across most sports in Australia, not just orienteering)

Personally I think this is a step in the right direction. A holistic view must be taken in order to create a series of achievable steps to becoming an elite orienteer, and Australia has rightly identified their Junior Program as an area that needs work. In New Zealand we almost have the opposite problem, the work of several individuals and clubs has resulted in an extremely strong level of competition at a schools level but as of yet this has not been carried through to a senior level.


Canada has also developed a plan that is very similar to Australia in that it identifies a number of steps from Fundamental Skills through to High Performance Sport. To highlight a couple of key differences it identifies orienteering as a late specialisation sport so athletes won’t be peaking until their mid-20s. Therefore they have explicitly attached ages to each step in the pathway.



Ultimately, when we are supporting and investing in athletes at all stages of the Athlete Development Pathway, we are not only enabling more top elite performances, we are also helping the growth of our sport. When we provide opportunities for individuals at all levels to develop their orienteering skills in a fun, social way, we increase the retention and conversion rates and people will continue to participate in orienteering whether this is at a competitive elite level or a recreational ‘Sport for Life’ level.

By Nick Smith





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